Personal Trainer Examination

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1. A muscle has the capability of receiving and responding to various stimuli. It may respond to a nerve impulse, an electrical stimulus applied directly to the surface of the muscle or to a sharp blow to the muscle or one of its tendons. This characteristic is known as __________. *
2. The aerobic system utilizes __________ for activity or exercise lasting longer than 2 to 3 minutes. *
3. The contractile proteins found within the thin and thick myofilments of skeletal muscle include: *
4. With a __________ contraction, the muscle shortens as the weight is moved against the force of gravity; therefore, the positive is accomplished. With a __________ contraction, the muscle lengthens as weight is move in the direction of the force of gravity; under these circumstances, gravity rather than muscle contraction is the force responsible for the movement. *
5. The muscle primarily responsible for a particular movement is called a (an): *
6. __________ fibers are an intermediate type of fiber and are sometimes referred to as fast-twitch oxidative, glycolytic or FOG. This is a large fiber that has good oxidative (aerobic) and glycolytic (anaerobic) properties. This fiber is adaptable to endurance as well as power or speed activities. *
7. A proper breathing pattern during resistance training is *
8. The energy to perform long-term exercise (i.e, 15+ minutes) comes primarily from: *
9. Which of the following statements regarding (DOMS) is/are true? *
10. Which of the following is NOT a major food fuel during exercise?
11. In general, the higher the intensity of the activity, the greater the contribution of: *
12. Which muscle protein contains many cross-bridges? *
13. How does the golgi tendon organ respond when stressed? *
14. Which muscle fiber type has the highest potential for endurance activities? *
15. Muscular soreness associated with actual muscle damage results primarily from which of the following? *
16. A decrease in muscle size and strength due to inactivity is known as? *
17. What do the initials ATP mean in relation to muscular activity? *
18. Which kind of lift must you be performing if your muscle action is lengthening? *
19. Which acronym refers to an acceptable method of determining training intensity? *
20. When training a client with hypertension, it is important to recommend: *
21. The following is true regarding High Blood Pressure. *
22. An elevation of either the systolic or diastolic blood pressure is classified as hypertension. The elevation must be measured on two different days, preferably several days apart. To be classified as hypertension, the blood pressure should be more than: *
23. __________ is the maximum amount of force that can be exerted by a muscle. *
24. For an activity to be considered cardiovascular, it: *
25. All measurements for Body Composition should be: *
26. Muscular contraction occurs at the level of the sarcomere within the myofibrils. The actin filaments slide inward over the myosin filaments resulting in: *
27. Which are principles of training? *
28. Relative proportion of fat and fat-free (lean) tissue can be assessed and are reported as *
29. A point on a limb closer to the trunk is called: *
30. Knee extensions are performed in which movement planes? *
31. Calculate a 65 – 75% exercise target heart rate range using the Karvonen’s formula with the following information: 35 year old male, resting heart rate is 72, intermediate fitness level. *
32. Which of the following would be beneficial in preventing heat injury? *
33. In preventing injuries, hydration is very important because: *
34. According to ACOG, women should avoid exercises in the supine position __________ *
35. Which of the following statements about osteoporosis is/are true? *
36. Which of the following statements about arthritis is/are true? *
37. When a soldier marches and his arms move front to back, which plane of motion do the arms move through? *
38. The most common way to sprain the ankle joint is by *
39. What exercise is an example of horizontal adduction? *
40. When performing a pressing movement with the upper body, the scapula should be *
41. In order for a two joint muscle to assist with the movement that is not its primary function, the muscle must be _____________ at one end. *
42. Lordosis is a back disorder in which the pelvic girdle has *
43. __________________are connective tissue that connect bone to bone, while _____________________are connective tissue that connect a muscle to the bone. *
44. In an effort to improve flexibility, NFPA recommends: *
45. The ability for muscle tissue to shorten or to contract when it is stimulated is known as *
46. When performing a Lat-Row, please select the following that match to this movement. *
47. Which muscle is the Primary mover in shoulder flexion? *
48. Which group of muscles are responsible for extension of certain joints of the body? *
49. A muscle fiber contraction that produces forces during the shortening phase is known as: *
50. The acronym, DOMS stands for: *
51. Which repetition range will produce the greatest improvements in muscular strength? *
52. Negative Repeition Training is a method of training that emphasizes the ______________ *
53. You have a client who has had the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae fused. They are 20 pounds overweight but otherwise healthy. Which exercise(s) would you NOT use in your exercise program for this client?
54. Normal hyperextension occurs in which joints? *
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BLOCK TWO - Anatomy
66. This muscle group is called the: *
73. The group of anterior thigh muscles that extend the leg are collectively called: *
74. This back muscle inserts on the skull and the scapula.
76. The anterior arm muscle that contracts the forearm is the:
77. This large muscle originates at the clavicle, the sternum and the ribcage. It is called the: *
78. The posterior lower leg muscle that is responsible for plantar flexion and also is a two-joint muscle: *
80. This muscle responsible for hip flexion and originates on the lumbar and inserts to the femur: *
81. This deep posterior back muscle is responsible for scapula retraction and elevation: *
82. This posterior upper arm muscle is responsible for elbow extension:
83. This posterior upper leg muscle is responsible for knee flexion: